of the chapel
Inner courtyard so-named after the existence of the now recovered adjacent chapel. It is a small archaeological museum due to the sheer number and value of the pieces it houses. The cool half-light created by the citrus trees and the harmony of its architectural composition offer an atmosphere of tranquillity and introspection.
The Courtyard of the Chapel was the main courtyard in the houses of the Counts of Torres Cabrera, incorporated into Viana in the 19th century. This explains the difference in style between this courtyard and the Gardeners-Well-Pool service trio, which also belonged to the same house. The courtyard, created in the 17th century, has two simple and harmonious porticoed galleries decorated with various archaeological objects.
This decoration reflects the taste for archaeological items seen in the 19th century and early 20th century, when ruins were turned into exhibition pieces, symbols of the money and power of the wealthy families who could afford to collect them. As well as importing elements such as tiles and iron gates, the Cordoban courtyard also imported this fashion for exhibiting archaeological pieces as part of the decoration of the courtyard.
The Courtyard of the Chapel is undoubtedly the coolest in Viana. The Chapel Yard is almost certainly the coolest of Viana. Its high walls prevent the direct sunlight from entering. This has made the citrus fruits decorating it grow upwards, searching for the sun and interweaving their branches to form a kind of plant canopy which adds to the freshness. This courtyard lacks great variety in terms of flowers, since conditions make it hard for plants to flower.
However, the holly fern adapts very well and finds its perfect environment here. One of the few flower varieties in the courtyard comes from the pots of bush lilies, carefully placed next to the base of the columns to not distort the harmony of the whole. In summary, this is a half-light courtyard, cool, with a sober atmosphere in which all the elements seem to be very well integrated. This harmony and the semi-shaded environment invite silence, broken only by the many birds fluttering in the tops of the orange trees and the sound of the water in the fountain.
The archaeological exoticism
The fashion of the 19th and early 20th century for archaeology took off thanks to the great archaeological discoveries such as Pompeii, Herculaneum, the Palace of Knossos or the tomb of Tutankhamun, among others. Previously, colonial expansion had begun to disseminate the exotic concept applied to the peoples and cultures outside the colonizers. The Universal Exhibition in Paris amplified these tastes that became fashionable among the wealthy. The 2nd Marquis of Viana began applying these fashions after visiting one of these universal exhibition in Paris in 1925.
Flowering calendar for the main plants